A General Equilibrium Open Economy Model for Emerging Markets - Monetary Policy with a Dualistic Labor Market

Author: 
Ashima Goyal
Description: 
WP-2007-016
JEL codes: 
Abstract: 
An optimizing model of a small open emerging market economy (SOEME) with dualistic labour markets and two types of consumers, delivers a tractable model for monetary policy. Differences between the SOEME and the SOE are derived. Parameters depend on features of the labour market and on consumption inequality, and affect the natural interest rate, terms of trade and potential output. The supply curve turns out to be flatter and more volatile, with a larger number of shift factors. A simple basic version of the model is simulated in order to compare different policy targets in response to a cost shock. Flexible domestic inflation targeting delivers stability and the lowest volatility. Some weight on output and on interest smoothing allows monetary policy to be less contractionary. Exchange rate flexibility is less but still makes a major contribution to controlling inflation.