Benefit Incidence of Public Spending on Education in the Philippines

Rosario G. Manasan, Janet S. Cuenca, Eden C. Villanueva
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Government education spending is expected to improve the well-being of beneficiaries and enhance their capability to earn income in the future. In this sense, directing education expenditures to the poor holds a promise for breaking the inter-generational transmission of poverty. Given this perspective, the paper addresses the question: to what extent has the poor benefited from government spending on education? In particular, it uses benefit incidence analysis to evaluate whether expenditures on education had redistributive impact.