Enhancing the Effectiveness of CMIM and AMRO: Selected Immediate Challenges and Tasks

Reza Siregar, Akkharaphol Chabchitrchaidol
JEL codes: 
ADBI Working Paper Series

The Chiang Mai Initiative Multilateralisation (CMIM) and the ASEAN+3 Macroeconomic
Research Office (AMRO), established in March 2010 and May 2011, respectively, have made
substantial headway. But despite the rapid progress, a series of fundamental questions have
been raised, particularly about the size of the CMIM facility. Although CMIM funding was
doubled to $240 billion, effective since May 2012, the swap amount has frequently been
criticized as insufficient. Another fundamental issue that still needs to be agreed upon is the
CMIM’s role and how it fits in among existing regional and global financing facilities. AMRO’s
surveillance work is seen as vital to the overall success of the CMIM in regional financial
cooperation. As other multilateral institutions involved in surveillance work have experienced,
effective surveillance to support regional financial cooperation is a complicated task, strewn with
obstacles. The primary task of this paper is to suggest possible areas in which the effectiveness
of the CMIM and AMRO may be increased, despite constraints and limitations.